Stockholm Buddhist Vihara is a Buddhist temple of Theravada tradition. It was established in 1985 by the Sri Lanka-Sweden Buddhist Association in conjunction with the arrival of the first resident Venerable Monk to Stockholm. It is the first ever Buddhist temple that was formed in Scandinavia and the members are mostly of Sri Lankan origin.

The Sri Lanka-Sweden Buddhist Association came into being in 1983 as a result of the untiring effort and dedication by a few ardent Buddhist devotees who gathered in Stockholm during the winter of 1982 to discuss the possibility of forming an Association. Their courage and determination resulted in establishing a temporary organisation named, the Sri Lanka-Sweden Buddhist Association which became permanent after the General Meeting held in March, 1983 at the SIDA Auditorium in Stockholm.

Once the Stockholm Buddhist Vihara was established in 1985 it moved to several temporary places through the years until the monks and the devotees succeeded in acquiring a permanent building for the Vihara in Jakobsberg in 1995.